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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO __________

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-36063

https://cdn.kscope.io/00b903249d53214055975e54658d4543-aamc-20200930_g1.jpg

Altisource Asset Management Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
U.S. Virgin Islands66-0783125
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

5100 Tamarind Reef
Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands 00820
(Address of principal executive office)

(340) 692-0525
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
  
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.01 per shareAAMCNYSE American

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of October 30, 2020, 1,650,212 shares of our common stock were outstanding (excluding 1,315,995 shares held as treasury stock).




Altisource Asset Management Corporation
September 30, 2020
Table of Contents

i


(table of contents)
References in this report to “we,” “our,” “us,” “AAMC” or the “Company” refer to Altisource Asset Management Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated. References in this report to “Front Yard” refer to Front Yard Residential Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated.

Special note on forward-looking statements

Our disclosure and analysis in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “targets,” “predicts” or “potential” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases that are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and that do not relate solely to historical matters. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.

The forward-looking statements contained in this report reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement. Factors that may materially affect such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

our ability to implement our business strategy and the business strategy of Front Yard;
risks associated with the termination of our asset management agreement with Front Yard, including the potential effects that the termination can have on our new business initiatives, results of operations and financial condition;
our ability to successfully complete the transition period under the Termination and Transition Agreement dated August 13, 2020 (the “Termination Agreement”);
our ability to retain and recruit key employees;
our ability to develop and implement new businesses or, to the extent such businesses are developed, our ability to make them successful or sustain the performance of any such businesses;
our ability to build, retain and maintain our strategic relationships;
our ability to obtain additional asset management clients;
the potential for the COVID-19 pandemic to adversely affect our business, financial position, operations, business prospects, customers, employees and third-party service providers;
our ability to effectively compete with our competitors;
Front Yard's ability to complete its announced merger transaction, which could affect the value of the shares of Front Yard held by us or to be acquired as part of the Termination Agreement;
the failure of our service providers to effectively perform their obligations under their agreements with us;
our ability to effectively manage the performance of Front Yard through the termination of the asset management agreement with Front Yard pursuant to the Termination Agreement;
developments in the litigations regarding our redemption obligations under the Certificate of Designations of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Shares”), including our ability to obtain declaratory relief confirming that we were not obligated to redeem any of the Series A Shares on the March 15, 2020 redemption date since we did not have funds legally available to redeem all, but not less than all, of the Series A Shares requested to be redeemed on that redemption date;
general economic and market conditions; and
governmental regulations, taxes and policies.

While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, assumptions, and expectations, they are not guarantees of future performance. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of their respective dates, and we assume no obligation to update them to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information or otherwise. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could cause our future results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements, please see Part II, Item 1A in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and “Item 1A. Risk factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

ii


(table of contents)
Part I
Item 1. Financial statements (unaudited)

Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$30,711 $18,906 
Front Yard common stock, at fair value14,198 20,046 
Receivable from Front Yard34,967 5,014 
Prepaid expenses and other assets1,659 1,009 
Current assets held for sale2,619 2,176 
Total current assets84,154 47,151 
Non-current assets:
Right-of-use lease assets675 732 
Other non-current assets1,287 1,470 
Non-current assets held for sale3,705 3,895 
Total non-current assets5,667 6,097 
Total assets$89,821 $53,248 
Current liabilities:
Accrued salaries and employee benefits$3,991 $3,762 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities2,920 1,165 
Contract liability to Front Yard33,733  
Short-term lease liabilities75 71 
Current liabilities held for sale2,001 2,002 
Total current liabilities42,720 7,000 
Non-current liabilities:
Non-current lease liabilities620 675 
Non-current liabilities held for sale3,317 3,543 
Total non-current liabilities3,937 4,218 
Total liabilities46,657 11,218 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)
  
Redeemable preferred stock:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 250,000 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019; redemption value $250,000
250,000 249,958 
Stockholders' deficit:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 5,000,000 authorized shares; 2,942,597 and 1,632,117 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, as of September 30, 2020 and 2,897,177 and 1,598,512 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, as of December 31, 2019
29 29 
Additional paid-in capital45,865 44,646 
Retained earnings23,782 23,662 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(84)(33)
Treasury stock, at cost, 1,310,480 shares as of September 30, 2020 and 1,298,665 shares as of December 31, 2019
(276,428)(276,232)
Total stockholders' deficit(206,836)(207,928)
Total liabilities and equity$89,821 $53,248 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1

(table of contents)
Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Expenses:
Salaries and employee benefits$1,668 $2,827 $8,081 $8,634 
Legal and professional fees1,455 351 4,681 1,964 
General and administrative559 658 1,709 1,690 
Total expenses3,682 3,836 14,471 12,288 
Other income (loss):
Change in fair value of Front Yard common stock65 (1,072)(5,848)4,597 
Dividend income on Front Yard common stock 244 244 731 
Other income 5 40 29 130 
Total other income (loss)70 (788)(5,575)5,458 
Net loss from continuing operations before income taxes(3,612)(4,624)(20,046)(6,830)
Income tax (benefit) expense(523)843 (1,091)29 
Net loss from continuing operations(3,089)(5,467)(18,955)(6,859)
Discontinued operations:
Income from operations related to Front Yard, net of tax 14,843 1,944 19,117 5,785 
Gain on discontinued operations14,843 1,944 19,117 5,785 
Net income (loss)11,754 (3,523)162 (1,074)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs (52)(42)(155)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$11,754 $(3,575)$120 $(1,229)
Earnings (loss) per share of common stock – basic:
Continuing operations – basic$(1.89)$(3.47)$(11.69)$(4.42)
Discontinued operations – basic9.09 1.22 11.76 3.65 
Earnings (loss) per basic common share$7.20 $(2.25)$0.07 $(0.77)
Weighted average common stock outstanding – basic1,632,117 1,590,739 1,625,727 1,587,448 
Earnings (loss) per share of common stock – diluted:
Continuing operations – diluted$(1.89)$(3.47)$(11.69)$(4.42)
Discontinued operations – diluted9.09 1.22 11.76 3.65 
Earnings (loss) per diluted common share$7.20 $(2.25)$0.07 $(0.77)
Weighted average common stock outstanding – diluted1,632,117 1,590,739 1,625,727 1,587,448 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

(table of contents)
Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Net income (loss)$11,754 $(3,523)$162 $(1,074)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Currency translation adjustments, net42 (37)(51)(20)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)42 (37)(51)(20)
Comprehensive income (loss)$11,796 $(3,560)$111 $(1,094)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

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Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)


Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTreasury StockTotal Stockholders' Deficit
Number of SharesAmount
December 31, 20192,897,177 $29 $44,646 $23,662 $(33)$(276,232)$(207,928)
Common shares issued under share-based compensation plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes39,562 — 4 — — — 4 
Shares withheld for taxes upon vesting of restricted stock— — — — — (196)(196)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — (42)— — (42)
Share-based compensation— — 477 — — — 477 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — (89)— (89)
Net loss— — — (3,757)— — (3,757)
March 31, 20202,936,739 29 45,127 19,863 (122)(276,428)(211,531)
Common shares issued under share-based compensation plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes5,858 — 10 — — — 10 
Share-based compensation— — 393 — — — 393 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — (4)— (4)
Net loss— — — (7,835)— — (7,835)
June 30, 20202,942,597 29 45,530 12,028 (126)(276,428)(218,967)
Share-based compensation— — 335 — — — 335 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — 42 — 42 
Net income— — — 11,754 — — 11,754 
September 30, 20202,942,597 $29 $45,865 $23,782 $(84)$(276,428)$(206,836)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit (continued)
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)


Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeTreasury StockTotal Stockholders' Deficit
Number of SharesAmount
December 31, 20182,862,760 $29 $42,245 $26,558 $ $(275,988)$(207,156)
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASC 842— — — (77)— — (77)
Common shares issued under share-based compensation plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes21,383 — — — — —  
Shares withheld for taxes upon vesting of restricted stock— — — — — (195)(195)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — (51)— — (51)
Share-based compensation— — 698 — — — 698 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — 12 — 12 
Net loss— — — (840)— — (840)
March 31, 20192,884,143 29 42,943 25,590 12 (276,183)(207,609)
Common shares issued under share-based compensation plans, net of shares withheld for employee taxes1,866 — — — — —  
Shares withheld for taxes upon vesting of restricted stock— — — — — (6)(6)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — (52)— — (52)
Share-based compensation— — 588 — — — 588 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — 5 — 5 
Net income— — — 3,289 — — 3,289 
June 30, 20192,886,009 29 43,531 28,827 17 (276,189)(203,785)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — (52)— — (52)
Share-based compensation— — 580 — — — 580 
Currency translation adjustments, net— — — — (37)— (37)
Net loss— — — (3,523)— — (3,523)
September 30, 20192,886,009 $29 $44,111 $25,252 $(20)$(276,189)$(206,817)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

Nine months ended September 30,
20202019
Operating activities:
Net income (loss)$162 $(1,074)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Share-based compensation1,205 1,866 
Change in fair value of Front Yard common stock5,848 (4,597)
Depreciation328 285 
Amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets313 226 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivable from Front Yard(29,953)(200)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(855)(521)
Other non-current assets(109)115 
Accrued salaries and employee benefits118 (766)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(1,259)(19)
Contract liability to Front Yard33,733  
Operating lease liabilities(252)(138)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities9,279 (4,823)
Investing activities:
Receipt of deposit from Front Yard related to the Disposal Group (Note 1)
3,200  
Investment in short-term investments (1,622)
Proceeds from maturities of short-term investments517 1,251 
Investment in property and equipment(102)(240)
Proceeds from disposition of property and equipment 42 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities3,615 (569)
Financing activities:
Proceeds from stock option exercises23  
Shares withheld for taxes upon vesting of restricted stock(196)(201)
Payment of tax withholdings on stock option exercises(9) 
Net cash used in financing activities(182)(201)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents12,712 (5,593)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(38)(20)
Cash and cash equivalents as of beginning of the period19,965 27,171 
Cash and cash equivalents as of end of the period$32,639 $21,558 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Income taxes paid$346 $489 
Right-of-use lease assets recognized - operating leases 4,684 
Operating lease liabilities recognized 4,671 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2020
(Unaudited)

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation

Altisource Asset Management Corporation (“we,” “our,” “us,” or the “Company”) was incorporated in the U.S. Virgin Islands (“USVI”) on March 15, 2012 (our “inception”) and commenced operations on December 21, 2012. Our primary business is to provide asset management and corporate governance services to institutional investors. We have been a registered investment adviser under Section 203(c) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 since October 2013.

Our primary client has been Front Yard Residential Corporation (“Front Yard”), a public real estate investment trust (“REIT”) focused on acquiring and managing quality, affordable single-family rental (“SFR”) properties throughout the United States. All of our revenue to date was generated through our asset management agreements with Front Yard. Since we have been heavily reliant on revenues earned from Front Yard, investors may obtain additional information about Front Yard in its Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings, including, without limitation, Front Yard’s financial statements and other important disclosures therein, available at http://www.sec.gov and http://ir.frontyardresidential.com/financial-information.

On October 19, 2020, Front Yard announced that it had entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Front Yard Merger Agreement”) with unrelated third parties and that it expects to consummate the merger in the first quarter of 2021. We expect that the asset management agreement will be terminated prior to the consummation of the Front Yard Merger Agreement. For more information on the termination of the asset management agreement with Front Yard, please see “Note 1 — Asset Management Agreements and Termination Agreement with Front Yard.”

We are in the process of establishing multiple new lines of business, including an investment fund, a short-term investor loan aggregation business and the establishment of strategic relationships with real estate loan originators. These business lines leverage our history and experience in asset management, real estate investing and real estate operations. We have taken steps to reduce our annual operating expenses, including reductions in our physical office footprint and the optimization of our workforce. Though our potential new businesses are in the development stage, we expect that they will include asset management services, investments in real estate related assets or other businesses that leverage the experience of our new Co-Chief Executive Officer and our real estate asset acquisition and portfolio management teams.

Asset Management Agreements and Termination Agreement with Front Yard

On March 31, 2015, we entered into an asset management agreement (the “Former AMA”) with Front Yard, under which we were the exclusive asset manager for Front Yard for an initial term of 15 years from April 1, 2015, with two potential five-year extensions. The Former AMA provided for a fee structure in which we were entitled to a base management fee, an incentive management fee and a conversion fee for mortgage loans and real estate owned (“REO”) properties that became rental properties for the first time during each quarter.

On May 7, 2019, we entered into an amended and restated asset management agreement with Front Yard (the “Amended AMA”), under which we have been the exclusive asset manager for Front Yard for an initial term of five years and could renew automatically each year thereafter for an additional one-year term, subject in each case to certain termination provisions. The Amended AMA provides for a fee structure in which we have been entitled to a Base Management Fee and a potential Incentive Fee. Accordingly, our operating results have been highly dependent on Front Yard's operating results.

For further information on the Former AMA and the Amended AMA, please see Note 6.

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On August 13, 2020, AAMC and Front Yard entered into Termination and Transition Agreement (the “Termination Agreement”), pursuant to which they have agreed to effectively internalize the asset management function of Front Yard. The Termination Agreement provides that the Amended AMA will terminate following a transition period to enable the internalization of Front Yard’s asset management function, allow for the assignment of certain vendor contracts and implement the transfer of certain employees to Front Yard and the training of required replacement employees at each company. The transition period will end at the time that AAMC and Front Yard mutually agree that all required transition activities have been successfully completed (the “Termination Date”), which will occur no later than February 9, 2021. On the Termination Date, the Amended AMA will terminate, and AAMC will no longer provide services to Front Yard under the Amended AMA. Below are the material terms of the Termination Agreement:

Front Yard will pay AAMC an aggregate termination fee of $46.0 million (the “Termination Fee”), consisting of the following payments:
$15.0 million paid in cash to AAMC on August 17, 2020,
$15.0 million payable in cash on the Termination Date, and
$16.0 million payable in cash or Front Yard common stock, at the option of Front Yard and subject to certain conditions, restrictions, and limitations, on the Termination Date.
Front Yard will acquire the equity interests of AAMC's Indian subsidiary, the equity interests of AAMC's Cayman Islands subsidiary, the right to solicit and hire designated AAMC employees that currently oversee the management of Front Yard's business and other assets of AAMC that are used in connection with the operation of Front Yard's business (the “Disposal Group”) for an aggregate purchase price of $8.2 million ($3.2 million of which was paid to AAMC on August 17, 2020), of which all or a portion of the remaining $5.0 million may be paid in Front Yard common stock, at Front Yard’s option and subject to certain conditions, restrictions, and limitations.
Front Yard will continue to pay Base Management Fees to AAMC under the Amended AMA in the amount of $3.6 million per quarter through the date that Front Yard delivers written notice to AAMC that the transition has been satisfactorily completed, subject to proration for partial quarters.
AAMC has agreed to vote any shares of Front Yard common stock that it receives in connection with the Termination Agreement in accordance with recommendations of the Front Yard board of directors for a period of one year following the Termination Date, including regarding the approval of the Front Yard Merger Agreement and related transactions, which may be presented to Front Yard’s stockholders.
Effective two business days prior to the Termination Date, Mr. Ellison shall resign as Co-Chief Executive Officer of AAMC.

We have evaluated the nature of the services provided to Front Yard in exchange for the Termination Fee and have determined that such services constitute a series of distinct services that should be accounted for as a single performance obligation completed over time, which is simultaneously performed by us and consumed by Front Yard. Therefore, we expect to recognize the Termination Fee ratably through the Termination Date. Our receivable from Front Yard as of September 30, 2020 includes $31.0 million related to the unpaid portion of the Termination Fee, and we have recognized a contract liability for the unearned portion of the Termination Fee within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

During the third quarter of 2020, we received an upfront payment of $3.2 million of the $8.2 million aggregate purchase price of the Disposal Group. We have included this upfront payment within accounts payable and accrued liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

We have concluded that the Disposal Group meets the held-for-sale criteria and have therefore classified the Disposal Group as held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The termination of the Amended AMA and the sale of the Disposal Group also represents a significant strategic shift that will have a major effect on our operations and financial results. Therefore, we have classified the results of operations related to Front Yard as discontinued operations in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. For further information, please see Note 2.

Basis of presentation and use of estimates

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). All wholly owned subsidiaries are included, and all intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.


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The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial information, in our opinion, contain all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. We have omitted certain notes and other information from the interim condensed consolidated financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as permitted by SEC rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our annual consolidated financial statements included within our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC on February 28, 2020.

Use of estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Preferred stock

Issuance of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock in 2014 Private Placement

During the first quarter of 2014, we issued 250,000 shares of convertible preferred stock for $250.0 million (“Series A Shares”) to institutional investors. Under the Certificate of Designations of the Series A Shares (the “Certificate”), we have the option to redeem all of the Series A Shares on March 15, 2020 and on each successive five-year anniversary of March 15, 2020 thereafter. In connection with these same redemption dates, each holder of our Series A Shares has the right to give notice requesting us to redeem all of the shares of Series A Shares held by such holder out of legally available funds. In accordance with the terms of the Certificate, if we have legally available funds to redeem all, but not less than all, of the Series A Shares requested to be redeemed on a redemption date, we will deliver to those holders who have requested redemption in accordance with the Certificate a notice of redemption. If we do not have legally available funds to redeem all, but not less than all, of the Series A Shares requested to be redeemed on a redemption date, we will not provide a notice of redemption. The redemption right will be exercisable in connection with each redemption date every five years until the mandatory redemption date in 2044. If we are required to redeem all of the holder's Series A Shares, we are required to do so for cash at a price equal to $1,000 per share (the issuance price) out of funds legally available therefor. Due to the redemption provisions of the Series A Preferred Stock, we classify these shares as mezzanine equity, outside of permanent stockholders' equity.

Between January 31, 2020 and February 3, 2020, we received purported notices from holders of our Series A Shares requesting us to redeem an aggregate of $250.0 million liquidation preference of our Series A Shares on March 15, 2020. We do not have legally available funds to redeem all of the Series A Shares on March 15, 2020. As a result, we do not believe, under the terms of the Certificate, that we are obligated to redeem any of the Series A Shares under the Certificate, and, consistent with the exclusive forum provisions of our Third Amended and Restated Bylaws, on January 27, 2020, we filed a claim for declaratory relief in the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix, against Luxor Capital Group, LP and certain of its funds and managed accounts (collectively, “Luxor”) to confirm our interpretation of the Certificate. Luxor has removed the action to the U.S District Court for the Virgin Islands, and, on March 24, 2020, AAMC moved to remand the action back to the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix. That motion is fully briefed and pending. On May 15, 2020, Luxor moved to dismiss AAMC's declaratory judgment complaint. That motion has been fully briefed and submitted to the Court as of July 29, 2020.

On February 3, 2020, Luxor filed a complaint in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, against AAMC for breach of contract, specific performance, unjust enrichment, and related damages and expenses. The complaint alleges that AAMC’s position that it will not redeem any of Luxor’s Series A Shares on the March 15, 2020 redemption date is a material breach of AAMC’s redemption obligations under the Certificate. Luxor seeks an order requiring AAMC to redeem its Series A Shares, recovery of no less than $144,212,000 in damages, which is equal to the amount Luxor would receive if AAMC redeemed all of Luxor’s Series A Shares at the redemption price of $1,000 per share set forth in the Certificate, as well as payment of its costs and expenses in the lawsuit. In the alternative, Luxor seeks a return of its initial purchase price of $150,000,000 for the Series A Shares, as well as payment of its costs and expenses in the lawsuit. On May 25, 2020, Luxor’s complaint was amended to add Putnam Equity Spectrum Fund and Putnam Capital Spectrum Fund (collectively, “Putnam”), which also invested in the Series A Shares, as plaintiff. Putnam holds 81,800 Series A Shares. Collectively, Luxor and Putnam seek a recovery of no less than $226,012,000 in damages, which is equal to the amount Luxor and Putnam would receive if AAMC redeemed all of Luxor’s and Putnam’s Series A Shares at the redemption price of $1,000 per share set forth in the Certificate, as well as payment of their costs and expenses in the lawsuit. In the alternative, Luxor and Putnam seek a return of
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the initial purchase price of $231,800,000 for the Series A Shares, as well as payment of their costs and expenses in the lawsuit. On June 12, 2020, AAMC moved to dismiss the Amended Complaint in favor of AAMC’s first-filed declaratory judgment action in the U.S. Virgin Islands. On August 4, 2020, the court denied AAMC’s motion to dismiss. AAMC has filed a notice of appeal of the court’s decision.

AAMC intends to continue to pursue its strategic business initiatives despite this litigation. If Luxor and Putnam were to prevail in its lawsuit, we may need to cease or curtail our business initiatives and our liquidity could be materially and adversely affected.

The holders of Series A Preferred Stock are not entitled to receive dividends with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $1,250 per share (or an exchange ratio of 0.8 shares of common stock for each share of Series A Preferred Stock), subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments.

Upon certain change of control transactions or upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, holders of the Series A Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive an amount in cash per Series A Preferred Stock equal to the greater of:

(i)   $1,000 plus the aggregate amount of cash dividends paid on the number of shares of common stock into which such shares of Series A Preferred Stock was convertible on each ex-dividend date for such dividends; and
(ii)   the number of shares of common stock into which the Series A Preferred Stock is then convertible multiplied by the then current market price of the common stock.

The Series A Preferred Stock confers no voting rights to holders, except with respect to matters that materially and adversely affect the voting powers, rights or preferences of the Series A Preferred Stock or as otherwise required by applicable law.

With respect to the distribution of assets upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, the Series A Preferred Stock ranks senior to our common stock and on parity with all other classes of preferred stock that may be issued by us in the future.

The Series A Preferred Stock is recorded net of issuance costs, which were amortized on a straight-line basis through the first potential redemption date in March 2020.

2016 Employee Preferred Stock Plan

On May 26, 2016, the 2016 Employee Preferred Stock Plan (the “Employee Preferred Stock Plan”) was approved by our stockholders. Pursuant to the Employee Preferred Stock Plan, the Company may grant one or more series of non-voting preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share in the Company to induce certain employees to become employed and remain employees of the Company in the USVI, and any of its future USVI subsidiaries, to encourage ownership of shares in the Company by such USVI employees and to provide additional incentives for such employees to promote the success of the Company’s business.

Pursuant to our stockholder approval of the Employee Preferred Stock Plan, on December 29, 2016, the Company authorized 14 additional series of preferred stock of the Company, consisting of Series B Preferred Stock, Series C Preferred Stock, Series D Preferred Stock, Series E Preferred Stock, Series F Preferred Stock, Series G Preferred Stock, Series H Preferred Stock, Series I Preferred Stock, Series J Preferred Stock, Series K Preferred Stock, Series L Preferred Stock, Series M Preferred Stock, Series N Preferred Stock and Series O Preferred Stock, and each series shall consist of up to an aggregate of 1,000 shares.

We have issued shares of preferred stock under the Employee Preferred Stock Plan to certain of our USVI employees. These shares of preferred stock are mandatorily redeemable by us in the event of such employee's termination of service with the Company for any reason. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had 1,100 and 1,000 shares outstanding, respectively, and we included the redemption value of these shares of $11,000 and $10,000, respectively, within accounts payable and accrued liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. In December 2019 and February 2019, our Board of Directors declared and paid an aggregate of $1.0 million (in relation to the 2019 fiscal year) and $1.1 million (in relation to the 2018 fiscal year), respectively, of dividends on these shares of preferred stock. Such dividends are included in salaries and employee benefits in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

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Recently issued accounting standards

Adoption of recent accounting standards

In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which amends the guidance on measuring credit losses on financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13, as amended, is intended to address the issue that the previous “incurred loss” methodology was restrictive for an entity's ability to record credit losses based on not yet meeting the “probable” threshold. The new language requires these assets to be valued at amortized cost presented at the net amount expected to be collected with a valuation provision. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The amendments in ASU 2016-13 should be applied on a modified retrospective transition basis. We adopted this standard on January 1, 2020, and our adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Recently issued accounting standards not yet adopted

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740), which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard.

2. Discontinued Operations

The carrying value of major classes of assets and liabilities related to our discontinued operations that constitute the Disposal Group at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were as follows ($ in thousands):

September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(unaudited)
Current assets held for sale:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,928 $1,059 
Short-term investments 517 
Prepaid expenses and other assets691 600 
Total current assets held for sale2,619 2,176 
Non-current assets held for sale:
Right-of-use lease assets3,351 3,607 
Other non-current assets354 288 
Total non-current assets held for sale3,705 3,895 
Total assets held for sale$6,324 $6,071 
Current liabilities held for sale:
Accrued salaries and employee benefits$1,514 $1,645 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities268 163 
Short-term lease liabilities219 194 
Total current liabilities held for sale2,001 2,002 
Non-current liabilities held for sale:
Non-current lease liabilities3,317 3,543 
Total non-current liabilities held for sale3,317 3,543 
Total liabilities held for sale$5,318 $5,545 

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Discontinued operations includes (i) the management fee revenues generated under our asset management agreements with Front Yard, (ii) expense reimbursements from Front Yard and the underlying expenses, (iii) the results of operations of our India and Cayman Islands subsidiaries, (iv) the employment costs associated with certain individuals wholly dedicated to Front Yard and (v) the costs associated with our lease in Charlotte, North Carolina, that is expected to be assumed by Front Yard. The following table details the components comprising net income from our discontinued operations ($ in thousands):

Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Revenues from discontinued operations:
Management fees from Front Yard$3,584 $3,584 $10,752 $10,686 
Termination fee from Front Yard12,267  12,267  
Conversion fees from Front Yard   29 
Expense reimbursements from Front Yard626 250 1,707 920 
Total revenues from discontinued operations16,477 3,834 24,726 11,635 
Expenses from discontinued operations:
Salaries and employee benefits910 1,392 3,867 4,241 
Legal and professional fees67 38 180 123 
General and administrative334 441 1,171 1,328 
Total expenses from discontinued operations1,311 1,871 5,218 5,692 
Other (loss) income from discontinued operations:
Other (loss) income(6)23 24 (14)
Total other (loss) income from discontinued operations(6)23 24 (14)
Net income from discontinued operations before income taxes15,160 1,986 19,532 5,929 
Income tax expense317 42 415 144 
Net income from discontinued operations$14,843 $1,944 $19,117 $5,785 

The following table details cash flow information related to our discontinued operations for the periods indicated ($ in thousands):

Nine months ended September 30,
20202019
Total operating cash flows provided by discontinued operations$19,055 $5,047 
Total investing cash flows provided by (used in) discontinued operations438 (455)


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3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The following table sets forth the carrying amount and the fair value of our financial assets by level within the fair value hierarchy as of the dates indicated ($ in thousands):
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Carrying AmountQuoted Prices in Active Markets Observable Inputs Other Than Level 1 Prices Unobservable Inputs
September 30, 2020
Recurring basis (assets):
Front Yard common stock$14,198 $14,198 $ $ 
December 31, 2019
Recurring basis (assets):
Front Yard common stock$20,046 $20,046 $ $ 

We did not transfer any assets from one level to another level during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 or during the year ended December 31, 2019.

The fair value of our holdings in Front Yard common stock is based on unadjusted quoted prices from active markets.

We held 1,624,465 shares of Front Yard's common stock at each of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, representing approximately 2.8% and 3.0% of Front Yard's then-outstanding common stock, respectively. All of our shares of Front Yard's common stock were acquired in open market transactions.

The following table presents the cost basis and fair value of our holdings in Front Yard's common stock as of the dates indicated ($ in thousands):
CostGross Unrealized GainsGross Unrealized LossesFair Value
September 30, 2020
Front Yard common stock$20,596 $ $(6,398)$14,198 
December 31, 2019
Front Yard common stock$20,596 $ $(550)$20,046 

4. Leases

We lease office space under various operating leases. We currently occupy office space in Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands; Charlotte, North Carolina; College Station, Texas; George Town, Cayman Islands; and Bengaluru, India. Subsequent to the Termination Date, we expect to transfer to Front Yard our existing office space in Charlotte, North Carolina; College Station, Texas; George Town, Cayman Islands; and Bengaluru, India. Thereafter, we expect to lease new office space in Charlotte, North Carolina and Bengaluru, India.

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our weighted average remaining lease term, including applicable extensions, was 8.3 years and 9.1 years, respectively, and we applied a discount rate of 8.4% and 8.4%, respectively, to our office leases. We determine the discount rate for each lease to be either the discount rate stated in the lease agreement or our estimated rate that we would be charged to finance real estate assets.


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During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recognized rent expense of $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively, related to long-term operating leases and $27,000 and $81,000, respectively, related to short-term operating leases. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized rent expense of $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, related to long-term operating leases and $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, related to short-term operating leases. We include rent expense as a component of general and administrative expenses.

The following table presents our future lease obligations under our operating leases as of September 30, 2020 ($ in thousands):
Operating Lease Liabilities
2020 (1)$156 
2021634 
2022659 
2023686 
2024708 
Thereafter3,121 
Total lease payments5,964 
Less: interest1,733 
Lease liabilities$4,231 
_____________
(1)Excludes the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

5. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation, claims and assessments

Information regarding reportable legal proceedings is contained in the “Commitments and Contingencies” note in the financial statements provided in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. We establish reserves for specific legal proceedings when we determine that the likelihood of an outcome is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. We do not currently have any reserves for our legal proceedings.  The following updates and restates the description of the previously reported matters:

Erbey Holding Corporation et al. v. Blackrock Management Inc., et al.

On April 12, 2018, a partial stockholder derivative action was filed in the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix under the caption Erbey Holding Corporation, et al. v. Blackrock Financial Management Inc., et al. The action was filed by Erbey Holding Corporation (“Erbey Holding”), John R. Erbey Family Limited Partnership (“JREFLP”), by its general partner Jupiter Capital, Inc., Salt Pond Holdings, LLC (“Salt Pond”), Munus, L.P. (“Munus”), Carisma Trust (“Carisma”), by its trustee, Venia, LLC, and Tribue Limited Partnership (collectively, the “Plaintiffs”) each on its own behalf and Salt Pond and Carisma derivatively on behalf of AAMC. The action was filed against Blackrock Financial Management, Inc., Blackrock Investment Management, LLC, Blackrock Investments, LLC, Blackrock Capital Management, Inc., Blackrock, Inc. (collectively, “Blackrock”), Pacific Investment Management Company LLC, PIMCO Investments LLC (collectively, “PIMCO”) and John and Jane Does 1-10 (collectively with Blackrock and PIMCO, the “Defendants”). The action alleges a conspiracy by Blackrock and PIMCO to harm Ocwen and AAMC and certain of their subsidiaries, affiliates and related companies and to extract enormous profits at the expense of Ocwen and AAMC by attempting to damage their operations, business relationships and reputations. The complaint alleges that Defendants’ conspiratorial activities, which included short-selling activities, were designed to destroy Ocwen and AAMC, and that the Plaintiffs (including AAMC) suffered significant injury, including but not limited to lost value of their stock and/or stock holdings. The action seeks, among other things, an award of monetary damages to AAMC, including treble damages under Section 605, Title IV of the Virgin Islands Code related to the Criminally Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, punitive damages and an award of attorney’s and other fees and expenses.

Defendants have moved to dismiss the first amended verified complaint. Plaintiffs and AAMC have moved for leave to file a second amended verified complaint to include AAMC as a direct plaintiff, rather than as a derivative party. On March 27, 2019, the Court held oral argument on Defendants' motions to dismiss the first amended verified complaint and Plaintiffs' motion for leave to file the second amended verified complaint. The Court has not yet decided the pending motions.
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At this time, we are not able to predict the ultimate outcome of this matter, nor can we estimate the range of possible damages to be awarded to AAMC, if any. We have determined that there is no contingent liability related to this matter for AAMC.

Altisource Asset Management Corporation v. Luxor Capital Group, LP, et al.

On January 27, 2020, AAMC filed a complaint for declaratory judgment relief in the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix, against Luxor Capital Group, LP and certain of its funds and managed accounts (collectively, “Luxor”) regarding AAMC’s redemption obligations under the Certificate of Designations (the “Certificate”) of AAMC’s Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Shares”). Under the Certificate, holders of the Series A Shares are permitted on March 15, 2020 and on each successive five-year anniversary of March 15, 2020 to request AAMC, upon not less than 15 nor more than 30 business days’ prior notice, to redeem all but not less than all of their Series A Shares out of legally available funds. AAMC seeks a declaration that AAMC is not required to redeem any of Luxor’s Series A Shares on a redemption date if AAMC does not have legally available funds to redeem all of Luxor’s Series A Shares on such redemption date. Luxor has removed the action to the U.S District Court for the Virgin Islands, and, on March 24, 2020, AAMC moved to remand the action back to the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix. That motion is fully briefed and pending decision. On May 15, 2020, Luxor moved to dismiss AAMC's declaratory judgment complaint. That motion has been fully briefed and submitted to the Court as of July 29, 2020.

Luxor Capital Group, LP, et al. v. Altisource Asset Management Corporation

On February 3, 2020, Luxor filed a complaint in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, against AAMC for breach of contract, specific performance, unjust enrichment, and related damages and expenses. The complaint alleges that AAMC’s position that it would not redeem any of Luxor’s Series A Shares on the March 15, 2020 redemption date is a material breach of AAMC’s redemption obligations under the Certificate. Luxor seeks an order requiring AAMC to redeem its Series A Shares, recovery of no less than $144,212,000 in damages, which is equal to the amount Luxor would receive if AAMC redeemed all of Luxor’s Series A Shares at the redemption price of $1,000 per share set forth in the Certificate, as well as payment of its costs and expenses in the lawsuit. In the alternative, Luxor seeks a return of its initial purchase price of $150,000,000 for the Series A Shares, as well as payment of its costs and expenses in the lawsuit. On May 25, 2020, Luxor's complaint was amended to add Putnam Equity Spectrum Fund and Putnam Capital Spectrum Fund (collectively, “Putnam”), which also invested in the Series A Shares, as plaintiffs. Putnam holds 81,800 Series A Shares. Collectively, Luxor and Putnam seek a recovery of no less than $226,012,000 in damages, which is equal to the amount Luxor and Putnam would receive if AAMC redeemed all of Luxor’s and Putnam’s Series A Shares at the redemption price of $1,000 per share set forth in the Certificate, as well as payment of their costs and expenses in the lawsuit. In the alternative, Luxor and Putnam seek a return of the initial purchase price of $231,800,000 for the Series A Shares, as well as payment of their costs and expenses in the lawsuit. On June 12, 2020, AAMC moved to dismiss the Amended Complaint in favor of AAMC's first-filed declaratory judgment action in the U.S. Virgin Islands. On August 4, 2020, the court denied AAMC’s motion to dismiss. AAMC has filed a notice of appeal of the court’s decision.

COVID-19 Pandemic

Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and globally, our business, our employees and the economy as a whole could be adversely impacted. The magnitude and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our cash flows and future results of operations could potentially be significant and will largely depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, the success of actions taken to contain or treat the pandemic, and reactions by consumers, companies, governmental entities and capital markets. Although COVID-19 to date has not adversely impacted our revenues, the prolonged duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our ability to complete our transition obligations to Front Yard, or on any our new businesses in development, could cause or result in office closures and other related disruptions that could materially adversely impact our business operations and impact our financial performance.

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6. Related Party Transactions

Asset management agreement with Front Yard

Pursuant to the Amended AMA, we have designed and implemented Front Yard's business strategy, administered its business activities and day-to-day operations and provided corporate governance services, subject to oversight by Front Yard's Board of Directors. We have been responsible for, among other duties: (1) performing and administering certain of Front Yard's day-to-day operations; (2) defining investment criteria in Front Yard's investment policy in cooperation with its Board of Directors; (3) sourcing, analyzing and executing asset acquisitions, including the related financing activities; (4) overseeing Front Yard's renovation, leasing and property management of its SFR properties; (5) analyzing and executing sales of certain rental properties, REO properties and residential mortgage loans; (6) performing asset management duties and (7) performing corporate governance and other management functions, including financial, accounting and tax management services.

We have provided Front Yard with a management team and support personnel who have substantial experience in the acquisition and management of residential properties. Our management also has significant corporate governance experience that has enabled us to manage Front Yard's business and organizational structure efficiently. Under the Amended AMA, we had agreed not to provide the same or substantially similar services without the prior written consent of Front Yard's Board of Directors to any business or entity competing against Front Yard in (a) the acquisition or sale of SFR and/or REO properties, non-performing and re-performing mortgage loans or other similar assets; (b) the carrying on of an SFR business or (c) any other activity in which Front Yard engages. However, following the execution of the Termination Agreement, we are entitled to provide advisory or other services to businesses or entities in such competitive activities without Front Yard's prior consent.

On August 13, 2020, AAMC and Front Yard entered into the Termination Agreement, pursuant to which they have agreed to terminate the Amended AMA, thereby effectively internalizing the asset management function of Front Yard in exchange for payment of the Termination Fee and other consideration to AAMC. For a description of the Termination Agreement and its key terms, please see Note 1.

Terms of the Amended AMA

We and Front Yard entered into the Amended AMA on May 7, 2019 (the “Effective Date”). The Amended AMA amended and restated, in its entirety, the Former AMA. The Amended AMA has an initial term of 5 years and could renew automatically each year thereafter for an additional one-year term, subject in each case to certain termination provisions, including termination by Front Yard without cause for any reason or no reason.

The Amended AMA provides for a management fee structure that provides AAMC with a quarterly Base Management Fee and a potential annual Incentive Fee, each of which are dependent upon Front Yard's performance and are subject to potential downward adjustments and an aggregate fee cap. The Base Management Fee under the Amended AMA is subject to a quarterly minimum of $3,584,000. The Amended AMA also required that the Base Management Fee would increase commencing after Front Yard’s per share Adjusted AFFO (as defined in the Amended AMA) reaching $0.15 (“Additional Base Fees”). To date, we have earned no Additional Base Fees or Incentive Fees under the Amended AMA. Considering the impending termination of the Amended AMA pursuant to the Termination Agreement, we will no longer receive a Base Management Fee at the earlier of (a) the completion of the termination under the Termination Agreement and (b) the date that Front Yard delivers written notice to AAMC that the transition has been satisfactorily completed, subject to proration for partial quarters.

We are responsible for all of our own costs and expenses other than the expenses related to compensation of Front Yard’s dedicated general counsel and, beginning in January 2020, certain specified employees who provide direct property management services to Front Yard. Front Yard and its subsidiaries pay their own costs and expenses, and, to the extent such Front Yard expenses are initially paid by us, Front Yard is required to reimburse us for such reasonable costs and expenses.


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Terms of the Former AMA

On March 31, 2015, we entered into the Former AMA with Front Yard. The Former AMA, which was effective from April 1, 2015 through May 7, 2019, provided for the following management fee structure:

Base Management Fee. We were entitled to a quarterly base management fee equal to 1.5% of the product of (i) Front Yard’s average invested capital (as defined in the Former AMA) for the quarter multiplied by (ii) 0.25, while it had fewer than 2,500 single-family rental properties actually rented (“Rental Properties”). The base management fee percentage increased to 1.75% of average invested capital while Front Yard had between 2,500 and 4,499 Rental Properties and increased to 2.0% of invested capital while Front Yard had 4,500 or more Rental Properties. Because Front Yard had more than 4,500 Rental Properties, until the entry into the Amended AMA, we were entitled to receive a base management fee of 2.0% of Front Yard’s invested capital during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019;

Incentive Management Fee. We were entitled to a quarterly incentive management fee equal to 20% of the amount by which Front Yard's return on invested capital (based on AFFO, defined as net income attributable to holders of common stock calculated in accordance with GAAP plus real estate depreciation expense minus recurring capital expenditures on all real estate assets owned by Front Yard) exceeded an annual hurdle return rate of between 7.0% and 8.25% (or 1.75% and 2.06% per quarter), depending on the 10-year treasury rate. To the extent Front Yard had an aggregate shortfall in its return rate over the previous seven quarters, that aggregate return rate shortfall was added to the normal quarterly return hurdle for the next quarter before we would be entitled to an incentive management fee. The incentive management fee increased to 22.5% while Front Yard has between 2,500 and 4,499 Rental Properties and increased to 25% while Front Yard has 4,500 or more Rental Properties. No incentive management fee under the Former AMA was earned by us because Front Yard's return on invested capital (as defined in the AMA) was below the cumulative required hurdle rate; and

Conversion Fee. We were entitled to a quarterly conversion fee equal to 1.5% of assets converted into leased single-family homes by Front Yard for the first time during the applicable quarter.

Under the Former AMA, Front Yard had reimbursed us for the compensation and benefits of the General Counsel dedicated to Front Yard and certain other out-of-pocket expenses incurred on Front Yard's behalf.

7. Share-Based Payments

On January 30, 2020, in order to induce our new Co-Chief Executive Officer to join the Company, we granted 60,000 shares of restricted stock and 60,000 stock options to our newly appointed Co-Chief Executive Officer. The restricted stock and stock options had a weighted average grant date fair value of $13.11 and $10.61, respectively. The restricted stock units will vest in four equal annual installments on each of January 30, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024, subject to forfeiture and acceleration. The stock options have an exercise price of $13.11 and consist of two tranches that will vest based on the satisfaction of certain performance criteria and time-based service requirements. The first tranche includes 40,000 stock options and will vest in three allotments beginning on the date the share price equals or exceeds 400% of the exercise price (the “First Performance Goal”). Upon satisfaction of the First Performance Goal, 13,333 options will vest and become exercisable immediately, with the remaining 26,667 options vesting in equal installments on the first and second anniversary of the achievement of the First Performance Goal, subject to forfeiture or expiration. The second tranche of 20,000 stock options will vest in three allotments beginning on the date the share price equals or exceeds 800% of the exercise price of the options (the “Second Performance Goal”). Upon satisfaction of the Second Performance Goal, 6,666 options will vest and become exercisable immediately, with the remaining 13,334 options vesting in equal installments on the first and second anniversary of the Second Performance goal, subject to forfeiture or expiration. All unvested options shall expire on the tenth anniversary of the January 30, 2020 grant date.

On January 23, 2019, we granted 60,329 shares of restricted stock to members of management with a weighted average grant date fair value per share of $26.68. The restricted stock units will vest in three equal annual installments, the first of which occurred on January 23, 2020 with the remaining installments vesting on January 23, 2021 and 2022, subject to forfeiture or acceleration.

Our Directors each receive annual grants of restricted stock equal to $60,000 based on the market value of our common stock at the time of the annual stockholders meeting. These shares of restricted stock vest and are issued after a one-year service period, subject to each Director attending at least 75% of the Board and committee meetings.

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We recorded $0.3 million and $1.2 million of compensation expense related to our share-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and we recorded $0.6 million and $1.9 million of compensation expense related to our share-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had an aggregate $1.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively, of total unrecognized share-based compensation cost to be recognized over a weighted average remaining estimated term of 1.7 years and 0.8 years, respectively.

On September 11, 2020, the Board of Directors adopted, subject to stockholder approval, the Altisource Asset Management Corporation 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Equity Incentive Plan”). The 2020 Equity Incentive Plan supersedes our prior equity incentive plans and makes available 185,000 shares of our common stock for the granting of awards under compensatory arrangements and incentives permitted by the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan. On October 12, 2020, the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan was approved by our stockholders.

8. Income Taxes

We are domiciled in the USVI and are obligated to pay taxes to the USVI on our income. We applied for tax benefits from the USVI Economic Development Commission and received our certificate of benefits (the “Certificate”), effective as of February 1, 2013. Pursuant to the Certificate, as long as we comply with its provisions, we will receive a 90% tax reduction on our USVI-sourced income taxes until 2043.

As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we accrued no interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor did we recognize any interest expense or penalties during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

The following table sets forth the components of our deferred tax assets:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Deferred tax assets:
Stock compensation$96 $114 
Accrued expenses538 669 
Net operating losses34 357 
Lease liabilities901 955 
Front Yard common stock615  
Other146 48 
Gross deferred tax assets2,330 2,143 
Deferred tax liability:
Right-of-use lease assets854 922 
Front Yard common stock 42 
Depreciation 4 
Gross deferred tax liabilities854 968 
Net deferred tax assets before valuation allowance1,476 1,175 
Valuation allowance(804)(491)
Deferred tax asset, net$672 $684 

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9. Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the components of diluted earnings (loss) per share (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2020